It provides our central vision and is essential for clear, detailed vision. Diabetic retinopathy. GOP occurs in some infants who are born prematurely or at a low birth weight. Diet and exercise play important roles in the overall health of people with diabetes. Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy is usually silent. Small areas of balloon-like swelling in the retina’s tiny blood vessels, called micro aneurysms, occur at this earliest stage of the disease. If left untreated, these blood vessels may bleed, clouding vision or scar detaching the retina. Diagnosing retinopathy begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination, including an extensive eye examination. Sometimes these vessels swell and leak fluid or even close off completely.

In focal photo coagulation, the eye care professional aims the laser precisely at leaking blood vessels in the macula. Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy is characterized by leakage from small retinal blood vessels capillaries.  If a blood vessel has leaked into the vitreous humour and scarring has occurred, your doctor may advise you to have a vitrectomy. A dye may be used to reveal leaky blood vessels. A few more serious cases get worse without treatment. Surgery – may be required for severe cases of diabetic retinopathy that do not respond to laser treatment.